Hypertension is a medical condition characterized by high blood pressure, increasing the risk of heart disease.
Factors like genetics, lifestyle choices, obesity, high salt intake, and chronic conditions contribute to hypertension.
Hypertension is known as the silent killer due to its absence of symptoms while damaging the body.
Uncontrolled hypertension can lead to heart attacks, strokes, kidney disease, and other serious health complications.
Regular blood pressure checks and medical assessments help diagnose hypertension and assess its severity.
Blood pressure is measured in two numbers, systolic pressure (top) and diastolic pressure (bottom), e.g., 120/80 mmHg.
A balanced diet, regular exercise, weight management, reduced sodium intake, and limited alcohol consumption can help control hypertension.
Doctors may prescribe medications like diuretics, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, or calcium channel blockers to manage hypertension.
Regular monitoring at home with a blood pressure monitor helps track blood pressure levels and treatment effectiveness.
Quitting smoking, reducing stress, limiting caffeine intake, and managing underlying health conditions can support hypertension management.